In the nineteenth century debates about slavery, Christians using the Bible were—those who were in support of a slavery position—really emphasized those Pauline epistles that were mainly written by his disciples that were really emphasizing the submission of slaves to their slave owners. And, those epistles are, were very, very, deeply unpopular, as you can imagine, among slave Christians. Other parts of the Bible have more liberative themes and those who were anti-slavery obviously focused on those a great deal.
In the nineteenth and twentieth century, on into today, those who are looking at Paul’s letters to think about race relations are beginning to emphasize the liberative themes that do appear in Paul’s epistles. I think the most liberative moment is probably the great verse in